Facebook Ads to BigQuery

This page provides you with instructions on how to extract data from Facebook Ads and load it into Google BigQuery. (If this manual process sounds onerous, check out Stitch, which can do all the heavy lifting for you in just a few clicks.)

What is Facebook Ads?

Facebook Ads are ads served up to Facebook users based on their activity, demographic information, device use information, advertising and marketing partner-supplied information, and off-Facebook activity. The platform includes reporting tools that let you see what impact your ads have.

What is Google BigQuery?

Google BigQuery is a data warehouse that delivers super-fast results from SQL queries, which it accomplishes using a powerful engine dubbed Dremel. With BigQuery, there's no spinning up (and down) clusters of machines as you work with your data. With that said, it's clear why some claim that BigQuery prioritizes querying over administration. It's super fast, and that's the reason why most folks use it.

Getting data out of Facebook

Data can be retrieved programmatically via the Facebook Ads Insights API, which is available to anyone who uses the platform. Don't confuse this with the API Facebook offers for placing and managing ads, which is not relevant to our purposes.

By following the process in the API documentation, you can make calls to the Ads Insights API to retrieve your data. You'll have access to endpoints such as impressions, clickthrough rates, and CPC, all broken out by time period.

Sample Facebook Ads data

Below is an example of what that response might look like when you query the Ads Insights API.

   "data": [
         "impressions": "1862555",
         "adset_name": "My ad set",
         "cost_per_action_type": [
               "action_carousel_card_name": "My Carousel Card 1",
               "action_type": "app_custom_event.fb_mobile_activate_app",
               "value": 0.093347346315861
               "action_carousel_card_name": "My Carousel Card 2",
               "action_type": "app_custom_event.fb_mobile_activate_app",
               "value": 0.38324089579301

Loading data into Google BigQuery

Google Cloud Platform offers a helpful guide for loading data into BigQuery. You can use the bq command-line tool, and in particular the bq load command, to upload files to your datasets, adding schema and data type information along the way. You can find the syntax in the Quickstart guide for bq. Iterate through this process as many times as it takes to load all of your tables into BigQuery.

Keeping Facebook Ads data up to date

At this point you've coded up a script or written a program to get the data you want and successfully moved it into your data warehouse. But how will you load new or updated data? It's not a good idea to replicate all of your data each time you have updated records. That process would be painfully slow and resource-intensive.

Instead, identify key fields that your script can use to bookmark its progression through the data and use to pick up where it left off as it looks for updated data. Auto-incrementing fields such as updated_at or created_at work best for this. When you've built in this functionality, you can set up your script as a cron job or continuous loop to get new data as it appears in Facebook Ads.

And remember, as with any code, once you write it, you have to maintain it. If Facebook modifies its API, or the API sends a field with a datatype your code doesn't recognize, you may have to modify the script. If your users want slightly different information, you definitely will have to.

Other data warehouse options

BigQuery is great, but sometimes you need to optimize for different things when you're choosing a data warehouse. Some folks choose to go with Amazon Redshift, PostgreSQL, or Snowflake, which are RDBMSes that use similar SQL syntax, or Panoply, which works with Redshift instances. If you're interested in seeing the relevant steps for loading data into one of these platforms, check out To Redshift, To Postgres, To Snowflake, and To Panoply.

Easier and faster alternatives

If all this sounds a bit overwhelming, don’t be alarmed. If you have all the skills necessary to go through this process, chances are building and maintaining a script like this isn’t a very high-leverage use of your time.

Thankfully, products like Stitch were built to solve this problem automatically. With just a few clicks, Stitch starts extracting your Facebook Ads data via the API, structuring it in a way that is optimized for analysis, and inserting that data into your Google BigQuery data warehouse.